Have you ever wondered how we got the alphabet or how typography was created? The first writing found in history was pictographs. They were a set of pictures, which told a story. Ideographs were developed after pictograms. They were more like symbols and the Egyptians and Chinese used them too.
Egyptians created a system called hieroglyphics; they used objects to represent sound. The hieroglyphs turned into a cursive called hieratic. It was more freer and contained lots of ligatures. Then around 1200 BC, the Phoenicians created the first alphabet that consisted of letters. The Greeks used the Phoenicians alphabet and started developing their own. They created 5 vowels and did not use punctuation, spaces between words, or lowercases.
Next was the Roman Revolution. The Romans developed the alphabet more. They based it on the Etruscans Greek language and it consisted 23 letters. Romans also created serifs and were first to use thin and thick stokes.
Around 732 a guy named Charlemagne made a writing system called Caroline Miniscule. It was the first writing system that used lowercases. In the 1400’s Guttenberg created movable type. It was a huge improvement that allowed the world to print large quantities. In the 1500’s Aldus Manutius created the first pocket book; he also created the first italic typeface.
In France, Claude Garamond created a typeface that was based on geometric principles. The typeface was named after him and for the next 200 years. Garamond was the main typeface being used. In the 1700’s more typefaces were created overtime. To learn more about the great invention of typography go to http://planetoftheweb.com/components/promos.php?id=174 .